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   LED Color Specifications

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Home Products  Order Info News  Feedback Links  Search Site Map

LED Color Specifications----( Why Colors? )----( INOVA )----( Lightwave )
LED Color Specifications----( PALight )----( Photon )----( Rigel Systems )
LED Color Specifications----( Fluorescent Lamp Color Names Chart )

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Why Colors?

LED's (Light Emitting Diodes) typically deliver a very narrow bandwidth of wavelengths
(or light colors), and certain pure light colors have some very interesting properties that
yield unique and valuable applications.  White LED's  have added phosphors that glow
in the presence of an underlying blue LED beam, so the resulting mixture of light colors
appears near white (and usually looks similar to cool-white fluorescent light).  But mono-
chrome LED's can be manufactured to emit almost any color imaginable, and the width
of their emitted spectrums is often as narrow as plus or minus five nanometers from the
peak wavelength (so a blue one looks purely blue, without a lot of green or purple tinge).

One of the things that folks ask me about most frequently is what all those colors are for.
Some colors, such as blue and ultraviolet, have found extensive employment in forensic
and scientific and industrial applications.  Others, such as orange and yellow, are more
often chosen due to personal preferences or for presentation of visual media.  The pos-
sible range of applications for specific light colors is a topic that probably deserves the
content of an entire book, but the table below provides some general usage guidelines.

LED
Color
Typical
Applications
White  Best for general purpose lighting and tactical applications. Provides reasonably natural color rendition.
 The light from white LEDs is usually bluer (looks cooler) than the yellowish white of incandescent light.
Infrared  Non-visible light. Used to intensify images for military IR imaging systems. Some medical applications.
Red  Best for retention of night vision. Used by astronomers and hunters. Common for emergency signaling.
Orange  Looks brighter than red but dimmer than yellow. Suitable for media presentation of seasonal subjects.
Yellow  Very bright. Suitable for media presentation of food or organic subjects. Good for emergency signaling.
Green  Very bright. Good for pilots and navigators. Red lines on maps look black (they disappear in red light). 
Turquoise  Very bright. Good for pilots and navigators. Invisible to many IR imaging systems (for military stealth).
Blue  Widely used in forensic applications. Causes urogenital fluids to fluoresce (blood appears dark black).
Purple  Simulates ultraviolet (black light) and causes some items to fluoresce, but is safer for eyes and skin.
UltraViolet  Non-visible light. Also known as black light. Hundreds of artistic, industrial, and scientific applications.
 Reveals reworks and defects in fine art. Validates currency and licenses. Hazardous to eyes and skin.

The following charts list the peak emission wavelengths for certain popular brands and
models of flashlights that offer several choices of LED colors.  This information may be
needed for specific applications.  Please  contact us  if you need additional assistance.
An additional section at the bottom of this page lists color names and temperatures for
various fluorescent lamp and lantern tubes, to give an idea of their relative light coloring.
These specifications have been provided by the respective manufacturers, but all items
are subject to change without notice, and we assume no liability for errors or omissions.


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INOVA Products

Color
Name
Color
Temp
Wave
Length
Effective Range
X5 / MicroLight
X5
Titan
 
X5
Black
 
MicroLight
Clear
MicroLight
Black
Spotlight White 6500 K (n/a) 130 ft / 50 ft Yes Yes Yes Yes
Invisible
Infrared
(n/a) 880 nm
or
890 nm
(n/a) / (n/a) No Disco Disco Yes
Night Vision Red (n/a) 620 nm (n/a) / (n/a) Disco Yes Yes Yes
Brilliant Green (n/a) 530 nm (n/a) / (n/a) Disco Yes Yes Yes
Cobalt Blue (n/a) 470 nm (n/a) / (n/a) Disco Yes Yes Yes
Deep Purple (n/a) 410 nm (n/a) / (n/a) Disco No No No
Longwave
Ultraviolet
(n/a) 365 nm
to
400 nm
(n/a) / (n/a) Yes No No Yes

Product Matrix Availability Legend:   Yes - Standard Product Model   Disco - Discontinued Product   No - Product Not Available
Items marked as Special Order are not available for retail sale from our web site and may require a substantial minimum order.


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Lightwave Products

Color
   Name   
Color
Temp
Wave
 Length 
Lightwave
2000
Lightwave
2100
Lightwave
3000
Lightwave
4000
Lightwave
Illuminator
Lightwave
Pocket-Bright
White  5500 K  (n/a) Disco Disco Disco Disco Disco Disco
Red (n/a) 660 nm Disco No No No No No
Green (n/a) 525 nm Disco No No No No No
Blue (n/a) 470 nm Disco No No No No No

Product Matrix Availability Legend:   Yes - Standard Product Model   Disco - Discontinued Product   No - Product Not Available
Items marked as Special Order are not available for retail sale from our web site and may require a substantial minimum order.


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PALight Products

Color
  Name  
LED
 Type 
Wave
Length
Beam
 Angle 
Luminous
Intensity
PALight
e-Lite
PALight
Survival
PALight
Mark II
PALight
Sure
PALight
Workman
PALight
OneStar
PALight
Selector
White Surface
Mount
(n/a) 10 2,000 mcd Disco No Disco Disco Disco No No
White 5 mm
Lamp
(n/a) 20 6,400 mcd No Yes No No No Disco Disco
Infrared 5 mm
Lamp
940 nm 30 (n/a) No Disco No No No Disco Disco
Red 5 mm
Lamp
635 nm 30 3,000 mcd No Yes No No No Disco Disco
Green 5 mm
Lamp
520 nm 30 5,000 mcd No Yes No No No Disco Disco
Blue 5 mm
Lamp
465 nm 30 1,500 mcd No Yes No No No Disco Disco

Product Matrix Availability Legend:   Yes - Standard Product Model   Disco - Discontinued Product   No - Product Not Available
Items marked as Special Order are not available for retail sale from our web site and may require a substantial minimum order.


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Photon Products

Color
Name
Color
Temp
Wave
 Length 
Micro-Light
Beam Angle
Micro-Light
 Battery Type 
Micro-Light
Battery Life
Micro-
Light II
Micro-
Light 3
Freedom
Micro
Freedom
Fusion
White 6500 K (n/a) 20 2 x CR2016 10-12 hrs Yes Disco Yes Yes
Infrared (n/a) 880 nm 12 1 x CR2032 100-120 hrs Yes Disco Yes No
Red (n/a) 630 nm 24 1 x CR2032 100-120 hrs Yes Disco Yes Yes
Orange (n/a) 605 nm 15 1 x CR2032 100-120 hrs Yes Disco Yes No
Yellow (n/a) 592 nm 15 1 x CR2032 100-120 hrs Yes Disco Yes No
Green (n/a) 525 nm 30 2 x CR2016 10-12 hrs Yes Disco Yes No
Turquoise (NVG) (n/a) 495 nm 30 2 x CR2016 10-12 hrs Yes Disco Yes No
Blue (n/a) 470 nm 30 2 x CR2016 10-12 hrs Yes Disco Yes Yes
Purple (n/a) 405 nm 27 2 x CR2016 10-12 hrs Yes Disco Yes No
UltraViolet (n/a) 370 nm 10 2 x CR2016 10-12 hrs No Disco Yes No

Product Matrix Availability Legend:   Yes - Standard Product Model   Disco - Discontinued Product   No - Product Not Available
Items marked as Special Order are not available for retail sale from our web site and may require a substantial minimum order.


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Rigel Systems Flashlights

Color
 Name
Color
 Temperature 
Peak
 WaveLength 
 Beam Angle 
(Each LED)
 Luminous Intensity 
(Each LED)
White 5000 K (n/a) 20 18,000 mcd
Infrared (n/a) 875 nm 24 30 mW
Red (n/a) 660 nm 50 4,000 mcd
Green (NVG) (n/a) 505 nm 22 6,000 mcd
Blue (n/a) 470 nm 22 5,000 mcd

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Fluorescent Lamp Color Names Chart

Light Color Simulation
& Typical Color Names
Color
 Temperature 
 Wavelength Range
(UV Types Only)
         Interna
 Warm White
 Deluxe Warm White  
2700 K -
         Warm White
 Soft White
3000 K -
         Soft White
 Neutral White
 Halogen White
3500 K -
         Cool White
 Deluxe Cool White
4100 K -
         Full Spectrum
 Natural White
 Daylight
5000 K -
         Daylight
 Stark White
6000 K -
   Daylight
 Daylight Deluxe
6500 K -
         Skylight
 Daylight Blue
8000 K -
         Black Light
 ( color code BL )
unfiltered
phosphor-coated
discharge lamp
typically 315 to 585 nm
with a peak wavelength
between 350 and 370 nm
         Black Light Blue
 ( color code BLB )  
enamel-filtered
phosphor-coated
discharge lamp
typically 315 to 415 nm
with a peak wavelength
between 350 and 370 nm
 Germicidal Lamp
 ( color code GL )  
unfiltered
clear glass
discharge lamp
peak wavelength is
approximately 254 nm
hazardous UVC radiation

The color representations above are rough approximations and may not
match actual appearances.  Color names and color temperature ranges
will vary widely between bulb brands, so some color names will overlap.
Some of the color names listed above are also used as trade names for
specific phosphor formulations produced by certain lamp manufacturers.

Black Light bulbs are most often used in bug zappers and for UV curing
applications.  Black Light Blue bulbs are for decorative and artistic uses
in which the visible light output must be minimized as much as possible,
and also serve numerous scientific and industrial and forensic purposes.
Germicidal Lamp bulbs emit UVC radiation that damages eyes and skin;
protective shielding, eyewear, and clothing are required to prevent injury.


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LED Color Specifications----( Why Colors? )----( Inova )----( Lightwave )
LED Color Specifications----( PALight )----( Photon )----( Rigel Systems )
LED Color Specifications----( Fluorescent Lamp Color Names Chart )

Home Products  Order Info News  Feedback Links  Search Site Map


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